G1 Significant accounting principles – assessments and assumptions for accounting purposes
The consolidated financial statements comprise Sandvik AB, corporate registration number 556000–3468, (the Parent Company) and all its subsidiaries, jointly the Group with registered office in Stockholm, Sweden. The address for the head quarter is Box 510, 101 30 Stockholm. The Group also includes the share of investments in associated companies.
The Parent Company’s functional currency is Swedish kronor (SEK), which is also the reporting currency of the Group. Accordingly, the financial statements are presented in SEK. All amounts are in million SEK unless otherwise stated. Amounts in tables and calculations in the financial statements and notes do not always agree exactly with the totals due to rounding.
All notes are presented for continuing operations unless otherwise stated.
Accounting principles are presented in this note or in connection to the note of which they aim to describe.
Statement of compliance
The consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) adopted by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) as endorsed by the EU. In addition, the recommendation RFR 1 Supplementary Accounting Rules for Groups, issued by the Swedish Financial Reporting Board, has been applied.
The Parent Company has applied the same accounting principles as those applied in the consolidated financial statements except as set out in note P1 in the section “Accounting principles, Parent Company.
The financial statements are presented on pages 42–133 in the . The Parent Company’s Annual Report and the consolidated financial statements were approved for issuance by the Board of Directors on March 8, 2023. The Group’s and the Parent Company’s income statements and balance sheets are subject to adoption at the Annual General Meeting on April 27, 2023. printed Annual Report
Basis of measurement
Financial statements are not entirely comparable due to the distribution for Alleima on August 31, 2022. The income statement includes Alleima up to distribution, the comparative periods in the income statement have been updated. Alleima’s result for the period is presented separately within discontinued operations. The comparative period for the balance sheet includes Alleima. The cash flow is presented separately and includes Alleima up to distribution.
Assets and liabilities are stated on a historical cost basis except for certain financial assets and liabilities, which are stated at their fair value. Financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value are comprised of derivative instruments and plan assets in the defined benefit plans. Receivables and liabilities and items of income and expense are offset only when required or expressly permitted in an accounting standard.
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with IFRS requires management to make assessments, estimates and assumptions that affect the application of accounting policies and recognized amounts of assets and liabilities, income and expenses. Actual results may differ from these assessments. The estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis. Revisions to accounting estimates are recognized in the period in which the estimate is revised if the revision affects only that period, or in the period of the revision and future periods if the revision affects both current and future periods.
Judgments made by management in the application of IFRS that have had a significant effect on the financial statements and estimates with a significant risk of material adjustment in the next year are discussed further below.
Events after the balance sheet date refer to both favorable and unfavorable events that have occurred after the balance sheet date but before the date the financial statements were authorized for issue by the Board of Directors. Significant non-adjusting events, that is, events indicative of conditions that arose after the balance sheet date, are disclosed in the financial statements. Only adjusting events, that is, those that provide evidence of conditions that existed at the balance sheet date, have been considered in the final establishment of the financial statements. The most significant accounting policies for the Group, as set out below and in the notes, have been applied consistently to all periods presented in these consolidated financial statements except as specifically described. Moreover, the Group’s accounting policies have been consistently applied in the Group reporting by all members of the Group and in the Group reporting of associated companies, where necessary, by adaptation to Group policies.
Basis of consolidation
The consolidated accounts are prepared in accordance with the Group’s accounting principles and include the accounts of the Parent Company and all Group companies. Group companies are consolidated from the date the Group exercises control or influence over the company. Divested companies are included in the consolidated accounts until the date the Group ceases to control or exercise influence over them. In preparing Sandvik’s consolidated financial statements, intra-group transactions have been eliminated.
Foreign currency transactions
Transactions in foreign currencies are translated into functional currency at the foreign exchange rate prevailing at the date of the transaction. The functional currency is the currency of the primary economic environment in which the Group entities operate. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies at the balance sheet date are translated to the functional currency at the foreign exchange rate prevailing at that date. Foreign exchange differences arising on translation are recognized in profit or loss for the year. Non-monetary assets and liabilities measured in terms of historical cost in a foreign currency are translated using the exchange rate prevailing at the date of the transaction. Non-monetary assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value are retranslated to the functional currency at the exchange rate prevailing at the date that the fair value was determined.
Financial statements of foreign operations
The assets and liabilities of foreign operations, including goodwill and fair-value adjustments arising on consolidation, are translated from the foreign operation’s functional currency to the Group’s reporting currency, SEK, at foreign exchange rates prevailing at the balance sheet date. Revenues and expenses of foreign operations are translated to SEK at average rates that approximate the foreign exchange rates prevailing at each of the transaction dates. Translation differences arising from the translation of the net investment in foreign operations are recognized in other comprehensive income and are accumulated in a separate component of equity, a translation reserve. If the foreign operation is divested, the accumulated translation differences attributable to the divested foreign operation is reclassified from equity to profit or loss for the year as a reclassification adjustment at the date on which the profit or loss of the divestment is recognized. For cases in which divestments made include a residual controlling influence, the proportionate share of accumulated translation differences from other comprehensive income is transferred to non-controlling interests.
Net investments in foreign operations
Monetary non-current receivables or monetary non-current liabilities to a foreign operation for which no settlement is planned or is not likely to take place in the foreseeable future are, in practice, part of the Company’s net investment in foreign operations. A foreign exchange difference arising on the monetary non-current receivable or monetary non-current liability is recognized in other comprehensive income and accumulated in a separate component of shareholders’ equity, entitled translation reserve. When a foreign operation is divested, the accumulated foreign exchange differences attributable to monetary non-current receivables or monetary non-current liabilities are included in the accumulated translation differences reclassified from the translation reserve in equity to profit or loss for the year.
Changes in accounting policies 2022
IASB has published amendments of standards that are effective as of January 1, 2022. The standards have not had any material impact on the financial reports.
IAS 37 Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets
In the accounting for onerous contracts both direct and indirect cost should be included and accounted for. The amendment is effective from January 1, 2023.
Changes in accounting policies 2023 or later
A number of new or amended accounting standards and interpretations have been published and is effective from 2023 or later. None of these are considered to have a material impact on Sandviks’ financial statements.
IAS 1 Disclosure of material accounting policy information
A company shall disclosure of material accounting policy information instead of significant accounting policies. Guidance has been provided by the IASB on how to apply the concept of materiality to accounting policy disclosures. The amendment is effective from January 1, 2023.
IAS 12 Deferred tax
Deferred tax shall be accounted for on all temporary differences. One exception is made for temporary differences which arise on initial recognition of an asset or liability, if certain conditions are met. The amendment clarifies that this exemption is not applicable when accounting for transactions that simultaneously gives rise to both an asset and liability, such as right-of-use asset and lease liabilities and acquisition value of tangible fixed assets attributable to provision for future expenses for dismantling, removal and restoration. The amendment is effective from January 1, 2023.
IFRS 16 Sale and leaseback transaction
The amendment aims to confirm that no profit or loss is recognized for right-of-use assets which are still used by the seller/lessee. The amendment is effective from January 1, 2024.
Critical accounting estimates and judgments
Key sources of estimation uncertainty
In order to prepare the financial statements, management and the Board make various judgments and estimates that can affect the amounts recognized in the financial statements for assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses as well as information in general, including contingent liabilities. The judgments and estimates discussed in notes where applicable are those deemed to be most important for an understanding of the financial statements, considering the level of significant estimations and uncertainty. The conditions under which Sandvik operates are gradually changing, meaning that the judgments also change.
Critical estimates and judgments
The notes and critical estimates and judgments refers to: